As an isolated marginal sea, the Black Sea reacted particularly sensitive to paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental changes and on both global and regional scales. In spite of its unique potential for high resolution paleoclimate reconstructions, late Quaternary sediment sequences of the Black Sea have only subordinately been studied with respect to paleoclimatic questions. This is somewhat surprising considering the key-geographic location of the Black Sea, where climate is strongly affected by two major climate systems; the North Atlantic/Siberian pressure system in winter and the Indian monsoon in summer. Highly-resolved and precisely dated paleoclimate records are crucial for reconstructing past regional climate variability, which can then be compared to paleoclimate records from the North Atlantic, Europe and the Indian monsoon domain. Several core sites in the Black Sea along the North-Anatolian rim can provide records of vegetation dynamics and changing precipitation regimes in the Anatolian hinterland as well as paleoceanographic/ paleolimnologic data of environmental changes in the marine/limnic Black Sea system itself. Uranium-series dated stalagmites from Sofular Cave located at the Black Sea coast in north-western Turkey will provide, as terrestrial counterpart, long complementary paleorecords of changes in vegetation and precipitation. When combined, such records will allow us to better quantify the far-field effects of North Atlantic climate and Indian monsoon during the Holocene, Eemian and the last two glacial/interglacial transitions (T1 and T2).
Shumilovskikh, L.S., Fleitmann, D., Nowaczyk, N., Behling, H., Marret, F., Wegwerth, A.,
Arz, H.W. (2014). Orbital and millennial-scale environmental variability during 64-20 ka BP as
detected in pollen and dinocyst records from the SE Black Sea. Climate of the Past, 10, 939-954.
Shumilovskikh, L.S. (2013). Vegetation, climate and environmental dynamics of the
Black Sea/Northern Anatolian region during the last 134 ka obtained from palynological
analysis. PhDthesis, Göttingen,
Shumilovskikh, L.S. , Arz, H.W., Fleitmann, D., Marret, F., Nowaczyk, N., Tarasov, P.,
Wegwerth, A., Behling, H. (2013) Vegetation and environmental changes in Northern Anatolia
between 134 and 119 ka recorded in Black Sea sediments.
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Shumilovskikh, L.S. , Marret, F., Fleitmann, D., Arz, H.W., Nowaczyk, N., Plessen, B.,
Behling, H. (2013).Eemian and Holocene sea-surface conditions in the southern Black Sea:
Organic-walled dinoflagellate cyst record from core 22-GC3.
Marine Micropaleontology 101, 146-160.
Shumilovskikh, L.S. , Tarasov, P., Arz, H.W., Fleitmann, D., Marret, F., Nowaczyk, N.,
Plessen, B., Schlütz, F., Behling, H. (2012).Vegetation and environmental dynamics in the
southern Black Sea region since 18 kyr BP derived from the marine core 22-GC3.
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Levkovskaya, G.M., Shumilovskikh, L. , Anikovich, M.V., Platonova, N.I., Hoffecker,
J.F., Lisitsyn S.N., Pospelova G.A., Kuzmina I.E., Sanko, A.F. (2014).Supra-regional
correlations of the most ancient paleosoils and Paleolithic layers of Kostenki-12
(Kostenki-Borschevo region, Russian Plain). Quaternary International 365, 114-134.
Arz, H.W., Shumilovskikh, L.S., Wegwerth, A., Fleitmann, D., Behling, H. (2015).
Environmental and climate dynamics during the last two glacial terminations and interglacials
in the Black Sea/Northern Anatolian region. In: Schulz, M., Paul, A. (Eds.)
Intergrated Analysis of Interglacial Climate Dynamics (INTERDYNAMIC).
SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences VII. Springer Verlag, pp. 121-126.
Wegwerth, A., Dellwig, O., Kaiser, J., Ménot, G., Bard, E., Shumilovskikh, L. ,
Schnetger, B., Kleinhanns, I.C., Wille, M., Arz, H. (2014). Meltwater events and the
Mediterranean reconnection at the Saalian-Eemian transition in the Black Sea.
Earth and Planetary Science Letters 404, 124-135.